The Employment Service in India came into existence, mainly under the stress of post war demobilization. Towards the end of second world war the need for a machinery which could handle orderly absorption in civil life, a large number of service personnel and war workers, who were about to be released, was keenly felt. Having regard to the complexity of the problem and in order to ensure uniformity in policies and effective co-ordination of efforts, it was considered necessary that the proposed machinery be directed and controlled by the Central Government. In accordance with a scheme, the Directorate General of Resettlement and Employment was set up in July 1945, and Employment Exchanges were opened in several parts of the country. With the partition of the country in 1947, the Employment Exchanges were called upon to deal with resettlement of a large number of persons, who were displaced. By 1948, in response to popular demand, scope of the service was extended to all categories of applicants. This transition of the Employment Service from a resettlement agency to an all India placement organization resulted in an enormous increase of work. From 1st November 1956 administrative control of the Employment Service was transferred to the respective states by the Government of India.
Set Up Of Madhya Pradesh Employment Service
At present 53 Employment Exchanges are functioning in the State, 51 as District Employment Exchanges, 1 Special Employment Exchange for Physically Handicapped Persons, 1 Coaching cum Guidance Centre for SC/ST, Extension counter and Directorate office.
Main Departmental Activities
- Registration and Placement of Job-Seekers In gainful employment
- Providing Vocational and Career Guidance to job-seekers who visit employment exchanges as well as to students of schools colleges and universities.
- Publication and dissemination of occupational and career guidance literature.
- Enforcement of the Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act 1959.
- Collection and compilation of statistics regarding Employment Market Information.
Vocational Guidance Programme
The main objective of this programme is to provide guidance and employment counseling to students of schools/colleges and un-employed youth registered with the Employment Exchanges keeping in view their educational and mental capacities, interests, aptitudes and present employment trends. The Vocational Guidance is free and voluntary and is available to all the registrants and the students of schools colleges and universities.
Employment Market Information (EMI)
This program envisages quarterly study of employment situation in the state. The information thus collected is analyzed, compiled and submitted to the Director General of Employment & Training, Government of India, Ministry of Labor, New Delhi and State Planning Board for formulating manpower scheme. This program helps in identifying the changes in the pattern of employment and occupations in the State and extent of shortages and surplus of various typesof workers.
Enforcement of Compulsory Notification of Vacancies Act - 1959
With a view to ensuring proper compliance of the provisions of Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act, 1959 and Enforcement Cell was setup in the Directorate of Employment Madhya Pradesh in July 1974. Its main purpose is to acquaint and guide the employers both in Public and Private Sectors about the provisions and requirements of the said Act to notify all the vacancies to the nearest employment exchange.
Employment Portal is developed so as to assist the Job Seekers and Employers to access each other through common platform under the desired criteria or as per their demand. This portal will also help in career guidance and vocational training too.
Job Fairs are also being organized for Private Sector Employers so that more and more Job Seekers can be employed. The response and results are amazing.
Recently, on 9th May 2018, the Government of Madhya Pradesh through Commissioner of Employment has awarded Yashaswi the Contract of Upgradation and Modernization of Employment Exchanges into Placement Centers in the State of Madhya Pradesh on Public Private Partnership (PPP) Basis for a period of 10 years.Under the project i.e. first of its kind in the country 15 District Employment Exchanges in the state are to be developed as Placement Centers. The selected District Employment Exchanges for the project are Bhopal, Hoshangabad, Rewa, Satna, Singrauli, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Indore, Dewas, Dhar, Ujjain, Khargaon, Sagar, Katni and Shahdol.